Cutaneous manifestations caused by the filarial worm Acanthocheilonema perstans are infrequently reported, and general agreement has not yet been reached regarding the pathogenetic role of A perstans. The case of a patient who suffered from cutaneous swellings, itching, fever, and malaise apparently caused by A perstans. Based on a review of the literature, the pathogenetic significance of A perstans has been assessed. It is concluded that although A perstans may give rise to mild symptoms, including cutaneous and subcutaneous swellings, itching, and urticaria, similar to those recorded here, it rarely causes severe disorders.
Søndergaard J. Filariasis Caused by Acanthocheilonema perstans. Arch Dermatol. 1972;106(4):547-548. doi:10.1001/archderm.1972.01620130075018