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August 1990

Congenital Adenoma Sebaceum

Arch Dermatol. 1990;126(8):1022. doi:10.1001/archderm.1990.01670320046004

Congenital Adenoma Sebaceum—  Dr. J. J. Pringle (British Journal of Dermatology, Jan. 7, 1890) describes under this name a rare skin disease affecting the face. It may be characterized roughly as consisting of small tumors, somewhat resembling milium, and arising from the sebaceous glands of the face. It had already been described by Balzer, of Paris, as "adénome sébacé" in two cases; and three other cases were found to be also represented by models in the St. Louis Museum at Paris. Dr. Pringle's case was that of a married woman, aged twenty-five, suffering from dyspepsia and from an eruption of the face which had existed more or less since infancy. Since the age of sixteen it had, however, been diminishing spontaneously. There had never been acne or comedones, nor dandruff of the scalp. There was a history of some general affection of the skin over the whole body, but probably this was of a different nature. The patient was a brunette, well nourished, and presenting no symptoms of any internal morbid condition except the dyspepsia. Her intelligence is described as being decidedly below par, and her mother, who accompanied her, was also "not particularly bright intellectually."J Cutan Genito-Urin Dis.August 1890;8:320.