† The yeast Pityrosporum orbiculare is thought to cause the folliculitis associated with seborrheic eczema. However, a combination of mechanical and microbiological factors may be involved, with follicular occlusion leading to yeast overgrowth and folliculitis. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate this hypothesis. Skin biopsy specimens obtained from patients with Pityrosporum folliculitis were examined by scanning electron microscopy before and after oral ketoconazole therapy. Patients with active disease showed occlusion of noninflamed follicles, which resolved after ketoconazole treatment. Follicular occlusion was not present in biopsy specimens obtained from unaffected controls nor was it related to the presence of P orbiculare. These findings suggest that follicular occlusion may be a primary event in the development of this folliculitis, with yeast overgrowth a secondary occurrence. The beneficial effect of ketoconazole in this disease may be due to direct effects on the follicle.
(Arch Dermatol. 1990;126:1071-1074)
Hill MK, Goodfield MJD, Rodgers FG, Crowley JL, Saihan EM. Skin Surface Electron Microscopy in Pityrosporum FolliculitisThe Role of Follicular Occlusion in Disease and the Response to Oral Ketoconazole. Arch Dermatol. 1990;126(8):1071-1074. doi:10.1001/archderm.1990.01670320095018