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Article
July 1994

Personality Disorders and Psychopathologic Symptoms in Patients With Androgenetic Alopecia

Author Affiliations

From the Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy Unit, Department of Neuropsychic Sciences (Drs Maffei, Fossati, and Riva) and Department of Trichology (Dr Rinaldi), Scientific Institute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy, and Department of Medical Psychology, University of Milan, Italy (Dr Maffei).

Arch Dermatol. 1994;130(7):868-872. doi:10.1001/archderm.1994.01690070062009
Abstract

Background and Design:  The few articles published on the interactions between psychological factors and alopecia seem to yield contrasting results. To assess the relationships between alopecia, gender, Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised Third Edition personality disorders, and psychopathologic symptoms reactive to alopecia, we administered the Personality Disorders Questionnaire-Revised and the Symptoms Checklist-90 to a randomly selected sample of 116 outpatients with androgenetic alopecia.

Results:  The prevalence of personality disorders in subjects with androgenetic alopecia proved to be significantly higher than the prevalence of such diagnoses in the general population. Women did not show a higher prevalence of personality disorders or more psychopathologic symptoms than men. The factor analysis demonstrated the existence of three personality profiles (F1, F2, and F3) significantly and specifically associated with the subject's gender and with the psychopathologic reactive symptoms, measured using the Symptoms Checklist-90.

Conclusions:  The most important factor in developing a psychopathologic reaction to alopecia seems to be the presence of a Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised Third Edition personality disorder and not the subject's gender.(Arch Dermatol. 1994;130:868-872)

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