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Article
August 1994

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission in Household Settings—United States

Arch Dermatol. 1994;130(8):971-973. doi:10.1001/archderm.1994.01690080027003
Abstract

TRANSMISSION of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been reported in homes in which health care has been provided and between children residing in the same household.1-6 CDC has received reports of two cases of HIV infection that apparently occurred following mucocutaneous exposures to blood or other body substances in persons who received care from or provided care to HIV-infected family members residing in the same household. This report summarizes the findings of the epidemiologic and laboratory investigations, which underscore the need to educate persons who care for or are in contact with HIV-infected persons in household settings where such exposures may occur.*

Patient 1.  A 5-year-old child whose parents were both HIV-infected tested negative for HIV antibody in 1990 and July 1993 but tested positive in December 1993. In February 1994, all other close household contacts of the child tested HIV-antibody negative.From January through December 1993, when the

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