This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
Admittedly, I am a surgical anatomy buff. Perhaps this is why I am so often frustrated by surgical anatomy texts. It seems that all too often the most critical topic, facial nerve anatomy, is either inadequately covered or poorly presented. A one-dimensional view of the paths of facial nerve branches does not help prevent inadvertent injury. The exact depth of the nerve and its relationship to fascial layers is mandatory knowledge for those operating on the face. This short text deals specifically with the topic of avoiding nerve injury in facial surgery. The author is both a plastic surgeon and a neurologist. Major sensory nerves in addition to facial nerve branches are covered. Large color drawings show the anatomy well. What I particularly like are the excellent representations of surgical dissections, which depict anatomy in a clinically useful manner. Specific details outlining safe approaches to undermining aimed at avoiding
Frank W. Facial Danger Zones: Avoiding Nerve Injury. Arch Dermatol. 1995;131(1):103. doi:10.1001/archderm.1995.01690130107024