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July 1997

Keratinocyte-Lymphocyte Interaction in Cutaneous T-Cell LymphomaModulation of Keratinocyte Antigen My7 by a Soluble Factor Produced by T Lymphocytes

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Immuno-Dermatology, Hotel Dieu, Nantes, France.

Arch Dermatol. 1997;133(7):837-840. doi:10.1001/archderm.1997.03890430043007

Objective:  To test the hypothesis that the modulation of My7 antigen in the basal keratinocytes is directly related to the effect of dermal lymphocyte infiltrate of epidermotropic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL).

Design:  In vitro study with reconstituted skin model.

Setting:  Department of Dermatology of Universitary Hospital, Nantes, France.

Patients:  Lymphocytes extracted from 11 skin samples with lesions of epidermotropic CTCL (mycosis fungoides, stages IIa to IV) and 6 skin samples with lesions of atopic dermatitis (control population) together with the supernatants of these infiltrating lymphocytes were incubated with normal reconstituted skin samples either alone or in the presence of interferon alfa-2a (102 IU/ mL). Moreover, normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 7 patients and 4 controls were incubated with reconstituted skin.

Intervention:  None.

Main Outcome Measures:  None.

Results:  Ten of 11 samples of lymphocytes extracted from CTCL and 7 of 11 of their supernatants inhibited partially or completely My7 expression by basal cells. No inhibition was noted for lymphocytes extracted from inflammatory skin or their supernatants. Addition of interferon alfa-2a in a culture medium of extracted lymphocytes or their supernatants blocked inhibition of My7 expression by keratinocytes in 8 of 10 reconstituted skin samples. No abrogation of My7 expression was noted with peripheral mononuclear cells.

Conclusions:  Our in vitro study demonstrated a direct and specific interaction between the tumor infiltrate of CTCL and keratinocytes. Moreover, this interaction appeared to be closely associated with a soluble factor produced by the tumor T-cell infiltrate and was at least partially blocked by interferon alfa-2a.Arch Dermatol. 1997;133:837-840