[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Special Communication
Nov/Dec 2014

Nonsurgical Considerations for Addressing Periocular AestheticsA Conceptual Dimensional Approach

Author Affiliations
  • 1Section of Oculoplastic and Orbit Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2014;16(6):451-456. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2014.498

The periocular region serves to frame the eyes and provides a focal point of facial aesthetics. Periocular aesthetics can be evaluated by 2-dimensional (2-D) (x,y coordinate) frontal plane considerations or by 3-dimensional (3-D) considerations, in which the z coordinate is significantly affected by volume considerations. Millimeter differences between the right and left periocular regions, particularly when viewed in the 2-D frontal plane, can result in significant asymmetry and periocular disharmony. Nonsurgical modalities in the form of fillers and toxins provide the tools for subtle aesthetic modifications in the second and third dimension in a reversible, modifiable manner.

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview