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Invited Commentary
May/Jun 2016

The Role of Objective Outcomes in Surgery in Overcoming Cognitive Dissonance

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2016;18(3):163-164. doi:10.1001/jamafacial.2015.2142

The most damaging phrase in the language is “We’ve always done it this way!”

Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper1

The quest for improved surgical outcomes in an era of evidence-based medicine compels us to measure and evaluate our outcomes. A heightened awareness exists, not only of the importance of objectively measuring our outcomes in terms of function and form, but also of the challenges in doing so.2

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