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Special Topics
November 17, 2008

Advances in Craniofacial Surgery

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Central New York Cleft and Craniofacial Center (Dr Tatum) and Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (Dr Tatum), Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences (Drs Tatum and Losquadro), and Department of Pediatrics (Dr Tatum), State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse.

Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2008;10(6):376-380. doi:10.1001/archfaci.10.6.376

The past 10 years have witnessed many advances in craniofacial surgery. Advances in surgical techniques, such as distraction osteogenesis and endoscopic procedures, combined with refinements in surgical equipment, such as resorbable plating and distractors, have improved surgical outcomes, while minimizing morbidity. Technological advances in 3-dimensional imaging, computer simulation, and intraoperative navigation facilitate diagnosis, preoperative planning, and surgical execution. Rising cases of deformational plagiocephaly owing to increased supine infant sleep positioning necessitated the development of appropriate diagnosis and treatment and the avoidance of unnecessary surgery. A greater understanding of the genetic basis of craniofacial disorders has allowed better preoperative assessment and counseling. Finally, efforts to develop better bone graft substitutes with gene therapy and nanotechnology are ongoing.