Osseointegration implants have revolutionized craniofacial prosthetic reconstruction. Implant placement relies on adequate thickness and quality of bone to permit osseointegration. Positioning the implant is critical in craniofacial reconstruction because surface contours of the prosthesis must be preserved while housing attachment components securely and discreetly. Also, the position of the final prosthesis must transition to native tissue smoothly. We report on the use of intraoperative stereotactic image guidance in the placement of implants for orbital, nasal, and auricular prosthetic reconstruction. Clinical data, intraoperative images, and postoperative rehabilitated results are presented to demonstrate the utility of the application of stereotactic image guidance for implant placement. In our experience, stereotactic image guidance facilitates optimal implant site selection if there is abnormal bone quantity or quality.
Meltzer NE, Garcia JR, Byrne PJ, Boahene DK. Image-Guided Titanium Implantation for Craniofacial Prosthetics. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2009;11(1):58-61. doi:10.1001/archfacial.2008.510