Citations 0
Surgical Technique
Jul/Aug 2009

20-Year Experience With the Conrad Modification of the Freer Elevator as a Pull-in Suture Introducer

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery Clinic, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Copyright 2009 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2009

Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2009;11(4):267-269. doi:10.1001/archfacial.2009.36

A modified Freer elevator was created to aid the safe placement of alloplasts in a subcutaneous dissection pocket. We believe that this innovation represents a better way to insert nonrigid facial alloplasts and grafts and that it contributes to the reduced technique-related complications of migration, kinking, and asymmetry; it also minimizes tissue trauma and unnecessary surgical explorations.