Director, Facial Plastic Reconstructive Surgery
Beth Israel Medical Center
New York, NY
IF THE modern era was born during the American Revolution of 1776 and the French Revolution of 1789, these cataclysmic events were preceded by a revolution of the mind that had begun a half century earlier and was termed the Enlightenment. In the arts, as in economics, religion, and politics, rationalist thought turned against the prevailing ornate and aristocratic Rococo movement. In the late 18th century, the call for a return to reason, nature, and morality meant for art a return to classical antiquity and representational exactness. This new movement in art, termed Neoclassicism, represented a revival in the Golden Age with faithful artistic representations of nature.
Zimbler MS. Ingres' Odalisque: Idealized Beauty. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2000;2(3):222. doi: