From the Department of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, Division of Facial Plastic Surgery, University of California, Irvine.
Copyright 2003 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2003
The history of plastic surgery of the facial region is rich and varied. A wide array of specialties and disciplines have contributed to this history. In some instances an individual practitioner was able to advance his or her specific interest and/or expertise. Others made their contributions by describing what prior surgeons had done and adding their own innovations. Certainly wars contributed substantially to advancement and refinement of the craft, particularly World War I with its trench warfare and manifold maxillofacial injuries.
Crumley RL. Some Pioneers in Plastic Surgery of the Facial Region. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2003;5(1):9-15. doi: