Nasal tip bossae are a recognized untoward sequellae of rhinoplasty. Although there are many opinions in the literature concerning the cause(s) of this deformity, predisposing factors have not been previously evaluated in a statistically valid study. In this survey by Grant S. Gillman, MD, FRCSC, and colleagues Article , 875 patient outcomes are analyzed, risk factors are identified, and measures to prevent bossae are recommended.
With facial plastic surgery becoming more common worldwide, an understanding of ethnic anatomical variations and surgical procedures relevant to specific populations is gaining more importance. Jung I. Park, MD, PhD Article presents a reliable and precise technique of eyelid fixation that resolves many of the postoperative problems with asymmetry and fold persistence, which can occur with the double-eyelid operation. The article places his accomplishment in perspective.
Complex reconstruction of major nasal defects requires replacement of skin, cartilaginous and bony framework, and internal lining. In many cases, substitutes for internal lining are limited. Craig S. Murakami, MD, and colleagues Article have developed an innovative vascularized flap based on the inferior turbinate to provide a much-needed solution for these difficult situations.
This issue of the ARCHIVES highlights the international facial plastic surgery community. No one has done more to develop facial plastic surgery in Europe than Claus A. Walter, MD Article . In his article, Dr Walter describes some of the important educational and scientific landmarks in the history of the European Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery. Dr Walter's story begins with his training in America and contact with such figures as John Conley, MD.
Highlights of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 1999;1(2):79. doi: