Thomas and Somenek review and summarize the current surgical and nonsurgical treatment strategies to revise facial scars.
Moon and colleagues retrospectively review the data from 108 patients (81 men, 27 women; mean age 33.0 years) who underwent rhinoplasty using autologous costal cartilage. Each patient self-assessed aesthetic outcomes in subjective satisfaction. In addition, 2 independent surgeons assessed aesthetic outcomes from photographs. Associated complications were also analyzed.
Jang et al analyze the Asian nose and present an application of porous high-density polyethylene columellar strut grafts to provide adequate support for refined tip definition and the shaping of the columellar-lobular angle.
To determine the quantitative effects of Z-plasty vs spreader grafts on nasal valve surface area, Weeks and coauthors randomized the nasal valves of 8 fresh cadaver heads, and Z-plasty was performed on 8 valves and endonasal spreader grafts were performed on 8 valves.
Griffin and coauthors analyzed larger upper lip skin defects repaired with V-Y advancement flap reconstruction to identify defect characteristics that might predict the need for revision surgery. The aesthetic or functional abnormalities that prompted revision surgery and the specific techniques used to correct them were explored as well.
Yu and coauthors report the outcome of a prospective, internally controlled, randomized, double-blind, split-face study comparing the onset of action of 2 commercially available botulinum neuromodulators.
Berghaus and coauthors demonstrate that correction of creases is possible through readaptation of the cartilage edges followed by revision otoplasty using suture techniques in the reconstructed cartilage. In the case of defect formation or extreme thinning of the cartilage, an appealing auricular shape is achieved by the use of porous polyethylene implants.
To describe a novel design and application of the vascularized scapular tip flap in the reconstruction of temporomandibular joint and mandibular defect, Boahene and colleagues present their methods and 2 case reports.