Urinary tract infections (UTIs) account for over one-third of hospital-acquired infections, and most hospital-acquired UTIs are caused by urinary catheters. Catheter-associated UTIs (CAUTIs) are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and hospital length of stay as well as with exposure to antimicrobial agents, which have adverse effects and can lead to the development of resistance. For these reasons, CAUTI has been classified as a reasonably preventable hospital-acquired condition by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the Department of Health and Human Services has set a goal of reducing CAUTI rates by 25% by 2013.
Johansen KL. Importance of More Judicious Catheter Use. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(3):262. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.621