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This review was commissioned by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and conducted by the University of Minnesota Evidence-Based Practice Center for the AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Review series.1
Urinary incontinence affects more than a quarter of women and can have adverse effects on women’s physical, psychological, and social well-being. Clinicians rely to varying extents on patient-reported measures and clinical tests to diagnose incontinence and guide treatment in the ambulatory setting. Available nonsurgical treatments include pharmacological therapies such as antimuscarinic, serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor, and estrogen-based medications, as well as nonpharmacological treatments such as lifestyle changes, pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation, and intravaginal or intraurethral devices.
Huang AJ. Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in WomenSummary of Primary Findings and Conclusions. JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(15):1463-1464. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.7818