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In the United States, an estimated 2 million people are addicted to heroin or opioid analgesics, 80% of whom are not in treatment.1 Rates of addiction have increased during the past 20 years, following increased misuse of prescription opioid analgesics, resulting in large increases in opioid-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and overdose deaths.2
Kushel M. Improving Care for Hospitalized, Opioid-Dependent PatientsA Promising Start. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(8):1377-1378. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.728