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Comment & Response
September 2015

Ongoing Attention to Injurious Inpatient Falls and Pressure Ulcers

Author Affiliations
  • 1Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland
  • 3Collaborative Alliance for Nursing Outcomes (CALNOC), San Ramon, California
  • 4Burns & Allen Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(9):1580-1581. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.2549

To the Editor The effectiveness of Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) performance-based payment strategies will shape efforts to improve the quality and value of care. Waters et al1 examined the effect of the Hospital-Acquired Conditions (HACs) Initiative, which denies incremental payment for 8 complications on 4 outcomes: central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs), and injurious inpatient falls. They found an association with reductions in CLABSIs and CAUTIs but not injurious falls or stage III/IV HAPUs. Waters et al concluded that there is less evidence that changing hospital processes affects these other 2 outcomes, but we believe this conclusion may be missing key factors.

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