In the past, stark differences between the pluralistic, market-driven health system in the United States and the single-payer, centrally managed system in the United Kingdom have resulted in rich opportunities for those interested in comparative health system analysis. These differences are real but look like they are becoming less marked as a consequence of recent trends toward direct governmental intervention in the United States and the use of market forces in the English National Health Service (NHS). In this respect, England contrasts markedly with the devolved nations of Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, which to a greater or lesser extent have rejected a role for competition in their health services.
Marshall M, Bindman AB. The Role of Government in Health Care Reform in the United States and England. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(1):9-10. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.6054