To prevent cases of active tuberculosis (TB), the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is recommending testing to identify adults with latent TB infection (LTBI) who are at increased risk for progression to active TB.1 Two specific high-risk groups are included in the USPSTF recommendation statement: (1) persons who were born in, or are former residents of, countries with increased prevalence of TB, and (2) persons who live in, or have lived in, high-risk congregate settings (such as homeless shelters and correctional facilities). Other high-risk groups, including patients with human immunodeficiency virus and contacts of individuals with infectious TB, are not specifically addressed in the new USPSTF recommendation statement.
Reves R, Daley CL. Screening for Latent Tuberculosis InfectionA Key Step Toward Achieving Tuberculosis Elimination in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(10):1439-1440. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5464