Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus is a rodent-associated zoonotic arenavirus that causes asymptomatic or mild illness and aseptic meningitis in humans.1 Recently, attention has been drawn to LCM after a cluster of fatal cases in transplantation patients.2 Hydrocephalus is common in congenital LCM but uncommon in acquired infections. We present herein a case of acquired hydrocephalus caused by a variant LCM virus and the genetic identification of the zoonotic source.
Charrel RN, Retornaz K, Emonet S, Noel G, Chaumoitre K, Minodier P, Girard N, Garnier J, de Lamballerie X. Acquired Hydrocephalus Caused by a Variant Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(18):2044-2046. doi:10.1001/archinte.166.18.2044