Garlic (Allium sativum) and wild garlic (Allium ursinum) have been used since antiquity for the treatment of cardiovascular and infectious diseases. The first written record of garlic use in cardiovascular health appeared 3500 years ago in the Codex Ebers of ancient Egypt.1 Western investigation of garlic and its medicinal properties began about 200 years ago.2,3 While garlic has been evaluated for its anti-infective, antioxidant, and anticancer properties, a large number of recent basic and clinical studies have focused on its potential effect in preventing cardiovascular disease.
Charlson M, McFerren M. GarlicWhat We Know and What We Don't Know. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(4):325-326. doi:10.1001/archinte.167.4.325