Over the past decade, efforts to measure, publicly report, and reward the performance of individual physicians have become commonplace. Stimulated by influential reports from the Institute of Medicine in 1999 and 2001 and a 2003 report by McGlynn et al1 highlighting the problems with quality of care in the United States, these performance measurement activities are increasingly being used to assess the competence of individual physicians and physician groups, with a focus on both the quality and the efficiency of care.
Landon BE. What Do Certification Examinations Tell Us About Quality?. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(13):1365-1367. doi:10.1001/archinte.168.13.1365