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June 28, 1999

Haemophilus influenzae Pyelonephritis in Adults

Arch Intern Med. 1999;159(12):1363. doi:10.1001/archinte.159.12.1363

The following letter, which appeared in the February 8, 1999, issue of the ARCHIVES (1999;159:316), was inadvertently published with an incomplete author listing. The letter is reproduced in full below with all authors given proper credit.

Haemophilus influenzae has rarely been implicated as the causative agent of urinary tract infections in adults. The isolation of H influenzae from a urine sample was first reported in 1898 when Kretz1 recovered influenzae bacillus from the urine sample of a 36-year-old man with hematuria and polyuria. Since then, only 20 cases have been reported that implicate H influenzae as the cause of adult urinary tract infections.26 We report an additional case of H influenzae pyelonephritis in a 90-year-old man and discuss the possible underestimation of the true incidence of H influenzae in urinary tract infections.

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