Editor's Correspondence
May 10, 1999

HIV-Associated Polymyositis With Life-Threatening Myocardial and Esophageal Involvement

Author Affiliations

Copyright 1999 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.1999

Arch Intern Med. 1999;159(9):1012. doi:

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–associated polymyositis was first described in 19831; since then a few cases have been reported.24 Although muscular pathological abnormalities are commonly found in HIV-infected patients, the prevalence of symptomatic polymyositis is less than 1%.2 When present, the occurrence of esophageal and myocardial involvement is, however, exceedingly rare. We have recently cared for an HIV-infected patient with polymyositis who presented with life-threatening myocardial and esophageal involvement.

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