Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–associated polymyositis was first described in 19831; since then a few cases have been reported.2- 4 Although muscular pathological abnormalities are commonly found in HIV-infected patients, the prevalence of symptomatic polymyositis is less than 1%.2 When present, the occurrence of esophageal and myocardial involvement is, however, exceedingly rare. We have recently cared for an HIV-infected patient with polymyositis who presented with life-threatening myocardial and esophageal involvement.
Fuster M, Negredo E, Cadafalch J, Domingo P, Illa I, Clavé P. HIV-Associated Polymyositis With Life-Threatening Myocardial and Esophageal Involvement. Arch Intern Med. 1999;159(9):1012. doi: