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March 1921

INFLUENZA PANDEMICS DEPEND ON CERTAIN ANTICYCLONIC WEATHER CONDITIONS FOR THEIR DEVELOPMENT

Author Affiliations

SAN FRANCISCO

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1921;27(3):361-386. doi:10.1001/archinte.1921.00100090098007
Abstract

SYNOPSIS  Air pressure records (1826-1920) exhibit the fact that high pressure periods, lasting a number of years, vary with similar periods of low air pressure. Changes in solar activity harmonize with and apparently cause such pressure periods. Influenza pandemics and pneumonia epidemics develop only during high pressure periods. Influenza pandemics of 1890, 1891, 1918, 1919 and 1920 prove this fact as far as records are obtainable for the Northern Hemisphere and probably also for the Southern Hemisphere. All these epidemics come to a more or less sudden end following the advent of distinctly low air pressure. Records of cities in a highly diversified climate, as, for instance, California represents, prove that no meteorologic element, except air pressure, runs parallel to the development of influenza or pneumonia epidemics. Since it is definitely proven that these epidemics are a function of anticyclonic weather values, we must extend our laboratory work to an

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