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Article
August 1921

THE DIAGNOSIS OF "EVENTRATION" OF THE DIAPHRAGMWITH REPORT OF A CASE OF APLASIA OF THE RIGHT LUNG AND RIGHT HALF OF THE DIAPHRAGM, ASSOCIATED WITH CONGENITAL DEXTROCARDIA

Author Affiliations

CLEVELAND

From the Medical Clinic of Lakeside Hospital.

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1921;28(2):192-212. doi:10.1001/archinte.1921.00100140069006
Abstract

I. INTRODUCTION  So-called "eventration" of the diaphragm is understood to mean a high position of one-half of the phrenic leaf, conditioned, not simply on displacement, but on aplasia (congenital) or atrophy (acquired) of the muscle fibers of that half of the diaphragm. Obviously, the term is a misnomer, but it appears that the various terms which have been offered as substitutes, while in themselves more exact, have served by their multiplicity merely to add to the confusion in terminology. One is tempted to choose from among these terms one more suitable, but inasmuch as the condition is definitely defined, it may as well go by the name of "eventration" as by any other.I propose in this paper (1) to make a critical review of the literature on eventration of the diaphragm principally from the standpoint of the diagnosis, attempting also to establish or disprove the authenticity of the reported

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