During the past eleven years, from Jan. 1, 1930, to Jan. 1, 1941, 263 cases of acute bacillary dysentery have been recorded at the Gorgas Hospital. In all cases this diagnosis was confirmed by stool cultures positive for the causative organism. It was felt that a careful study of this group of cases might be of some value in a better understanding of the disease. No attempt at an exhaustive review of the literature has been made.
Felsen1 stated in 1939 that there was a rising incidence of bacillary dystentery in the United States, the reported figures for 1937 being approximately sixteen times those for 1933. He also pointed out that as the reported cases of bacillary dysentery increase there is a corresponding decline in the number of cases of unclassified "diarrhea and enteritis." During the period covered by this survey 3,556 cases of unclassified "diarrhea and enteritis" have
MACUMBER HH. ACUTE BACILLARY DYSENTERYA CLINICOPATHOLOGIC STUDY OF TWO HUNDRED AND SIXTY-THREE CONSECUTIVE CASES. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1942;69(4):624–635. doi:10.1001/archinte.1942.00200160075006