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Dr. Masserman has done a thorough and workman-like job. This is true both of his experimentation and of his study of the various interrelated fields with which his experimentation is concerned. His theoretic approach to the problem—the experimental induction and reduction of "neuroses" in cats—is holistic, and he is at great pains to refute the mechanistic concepts of the representatives of the Pavlovian and the post-Pavlovian school of thought. They, he says, are guilty of entangling themselves in an ever increasing complexity of terminology in an effort to uphold a position which can be more easily and coherently explained by assuming: "(a) that behavior is motivated by the needs of the organism; (b) behavior is reactively attuned to the animal's interpretation of the physical and social meanings of its environment; and (c) that instinctual satisfaction and adaptation may be supplemented even in animals by expressive, substitutive, or symbolic conduct," (p.
Behavior and Neurosis.. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1943;72(4):562. doi:10.1001/archinte.1943.00210100135008