Despite the war, special interest has continued and work has been done in certain fields of cardiovascular disease, particularly in electrocardiography, congenital defects, arrhythmias and hypertension. There are many problems relating to cardiovascular disease in wartime, which are of significance but which have not been published because of censorship or other restrictions. For this reason, this paper is mostly concerned with the advances made in civilian practice.
ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY AND METHODS
Observations on velocity of blood flow have been used for a long time to assist in the diagnosis of heart failure, to help judge the severity of the failure and to evaluate the results of therapy. Unfortunately many of the methods in current use require intelligent cooperation on the part of the patient to produce a good end point.Esser and Berliner1 devised a test to show variations in circulation time in the individual patient, using saccharin. Sixty
WILLIAMS C. DISEASES OF THE HEARTA REVIEW OF SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS MADE DURING 1943. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1944;73(6):477–498. doi:10.1001/archinte.1944.00210180049007