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Not many years ago, medical students were taught that patients with peritoneal tuberculosis were often remarkably improved when air was placed within the peritoneal cavity. After a time this form of treatment passed into disuse, and pneumothorax or some form of collapse therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis and other intrathoracic diseases came to the front. Now, perhaps, the pendulum is swinging the other way; at least, here is a book describing the therapeutic value of the former approach.
Its contents are divided into two parts: The first deals with basic principles and the second with therapeutic application.
The first part gives an excellent account of the history of pneumoperitoneum and deals with technic and with the changes in physiology induced by the artificial introduction of air into the abdominal cavity. One gathers that in the hands of an expert the intraperitoneal injection of air is not difficult and that serious complications,
Pneumoperitoneum Treatment.. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1947;80(4):565-566. doi:10.1001/archinte.1947.00220160144020