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April 1949


Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1949;83(4):454-469. doi:10.1001/archinte.1949.00220330094009

ADOLF MEYER is the last of the distinguished group that brought about the crucial psychiatric developments at the beginning of this century. In the early nineties he was thinking about the dynamics of mental disorders. The publication of William James's "Principles of Psychology" in 1892 gave support to his theories. In 1894 there appeared, in his writings on child psychology as part of the study of life, his "genetic-dynamic" approach to the understanding of mental derangement in adults. Psychogenesis was to him an obvious part of the etiology of mental disease. When he went to study under Kraepelin at Heidelberg, Germany, in 1896, he was dismayed to find psychology snowed under by nosology. Back in America he found congenial minds in Stanley Hall, William James and Morton Prince. German psychiatry was fixed in an academic rut of dualistic thinking and nosologic preoccupation. Freud was working on psychogenesis in Vienna,

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