HERPES zoster is a nervous disorder which is usually associated with dermatologic manifestations. It was the latter which gave the disease its name, since its external manifestations were known to the ancients. Herpes is a generic term which has been applied to numerous dissimilar acute inflammatory reactions of the skin and, as such, is misleading. We shall omit it during the rest of the present paper and shall refer to the disease entity under discussion as zoster. This latter term comes from the Greek [unk] and refers to the fact that the disease when leading to dermatologic manifestations on the trunk spreads around it like a girdle. Though zoster is not an accurate term, the disease denoted is evident; therefore, this nomenclature is utilized in the present report.
That zoster is a nervous disorder was established by pathologic examination in 1862.1 Its neuropathology was established on a firm foundation in
HALPERN SL, COVNER AH. MOTOR MANIFESTATIONS OF HERPES ZOSTERReport of a Case of Associated Permanent Paralysis of the Phrenic Nerve. Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1949;84(6):907–916. doi:10.1001/archinte.1949.00230060064005