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The shocking experience of the sinking of a great ocean liner, the Andrea Doria, in the summer of 1956 was a cruel demonstration that there may be loss of lives under circumstances where at least the environmental forces of nature are friendly to the vast majority of passengers and crew who got into life boats and were rescued promptly. This book, by McCance, Ungley, Crosfill, and Widdowson, is a sharp reminder of the several perils which beset those whose ships are destroyed in time of war where often both man and nature conspire against them. Any study such as this one made from the reports of survivors has at least some of the fallacies of the inadequacies of recollection. The sample is necessarily biased, since only the survivors can talk. It is hardly surprising that cold and exposure bulk highest among causes of death both before and after boarding life
Bean WB. The Hazards to Men in Ships Lost at Sea, 1940-44.. AMA Arch Intern Med. 1957;99(3):491-492. doi:10.1001/archinte.1957.00260030173020