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"Gastrointestinal Obstruction" is an encyclopedic review of the present status of this clinical problem. The first chapter is a brief presentation in chronological fashion of most of the significant contributions upon which current concepts stand. A succinct outline of the important embryology, a discussion of the pertinent anatomy, and an excellent discussion of gastrointestinal physiology as related to intestinal obstruction follow. The signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction as they occur at all levels of the gastrointestinal tract, starting with the esophagus and ending with the anus, are methodically and comprehensively presented. Considerations peculiar to intestinal obstruction as it occurs during pregnancy, in children, and in the elderly are enumerated in separate chapters, which are well illustrated with drawings, case histories, and appropriate pictures of radiograms. The indications for and technique and interpretation of appropriate radiologic examinations are well stated and illustrated by radiographs and case histories. A plausible discussion
Buckwalter JA. Gastrointestinal Obstruction.. AMA Arch Intern Med. 1958;101(6):1177. doi:10.1001/archinte.1958.00260180167029