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Over the past few decades there has been evidence that the behavioral sciences in the USSR lean heavily upon electrophysiological techniques for the collection of data and for the formation of hypotheses. A consequence of this is an impressively high standard of clinical electroencephalography. Since the administrative structure of Soviet science seems to facilitate communication between the basic and clinical sciences, experimental procedures are transferred from the laboratory to the clinic with minimum delay, and no effort is spared to investigate new methods using adequate sample sizes and with detailed follow-up studies. It is tempting—but perhaps irrelevant to a review of this kind—to speculate on the degree to which this commendable procedure is predicated on the support for Pavlovian concepts inherent in modern neurophysiology and neuropsychiatry.
Whatever the reason, it is clear that Dr. Bekhtereva has a deep understanding of the problems inherent in the use of electroencephalography as a
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