Only 152 cases of Klebsiella meningitis have been reported since this organism was first described by Friedländer in 1882. The first case of meningitis due to this organism was reported by Weichselbaum in 1888. In a series of 3,377 cases of meningitis, only seven were attributed to the Friedländer's bacillus.2 Ransmeier and Major estimated that the Friedländer bacillus was the responsible organism three times in 3,714 cases of meningitis from the large cities of the United States.3Before the era of antibiotic therapy, mortality from this infection exceeded 99%. In spite of specific therapy available today, the over-all mortality remains about 50%.4One additional case of Klebsiella meningitis and septicemia with death following streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline therapy is presented for the purpose of describing the clinical phenomenon and evaluating present-day therapy.
Report of Case
Case History (St. Vincent's Hospital [E 03-44-70]).
—A 69-year-old, retired, white
SOSCIA JL, DiBENEDETTO R, CROCCO J. Klebsiella Pneumoniae MeningitisReport of a Case and Review of the Literature. Arch Intern Med. 1964;113(4):569–572. doi:10.1001/archinte.1964.00280100077012