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The Knights of Malta, that amazing order, was founded to nurse the sick and wounded but later, as a military order, became Christendom's first line of defense against the conquering Muslims. It constitutes, without doubt, Malta's chief claim to fame. However, Malta has a history of its own that stretches back far beyond that of the Knights, who, after all, were, in a historical perspective, newcomers. While the Cathedral of the Knights, the auberges, and the ruins of the Holy Infirmary at Valletta are the chief points of interest to the visitor, yet he finds many things of antiquarian interest, such as the extensive and well-preserved ruins of a neolithic temple at Tarxien, more extensive and more imposing than the famed Stonehenge on Salisbury Plain. He may also visit the Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni, an amazing complex of underground passages, halls, and large chambers, hewn by neolithic man out of
Major RH. Medical History of Malta.. Arch Intern Med. 1966;117(2):316-317. doi:10.1001/archinte.1966.03870080160042