[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
February 1971

Cardiovascular and Coagulation Complications of Group C Meningococcal Disease

Author Affiliations

USAF; USAF, Keesler Air Force Base, Miss

From the Department of Internal Medicine, USAF Medical Center Keesler, Keesler Air Force Base, Miss. Dr. Knight is presently with the Elkhart Clinic, Elkhart, Ind.

Arch Intern Med. 1971;127(2):238-240. doi:10.1001/archinte.1971.00310140066006

Ten consecutive patients with group C meningococcal infection and their treatment at Kessler (Miss) Air Force Base during the winter of 1968 to 1969 form the basis of this report. Eight had Neisseria meningitidis isolated from the blood while six had meningitis proved by culture. Although disseminated intravascular coagulation, hypotension, and congestive heart failure were frequent complications, all patients survived. Disseminated intravascular coagulation with hypotension occurred in three patients, two of whom were treated with heparin sodium. Congestive heart failure occurred in seven cases, and central venous pressure monitoring aided in the early recognition of this complication. Our experience demonstrated that early diagnosis and rapid treatment of the complications with emphasis on early digitalization and fluid restriction may be rewarding.