Only 76 cases of leprosy due to active duty in endemic areas have been reported from the Spanish-American War through 1968. No such cases have been reported from the Vietnam conflict. A Vietnam veteran contracted tuberculoid leprosy while on active duty in that country. American physicians must be alert to other cases of leprosy that may develop in veterans in the future.
Medford FE. Leprosy in Vietnam Veterans. Arch Intern Med. 1974;134(2):373. doi:10.1001/archinte.1974.00320200183028