October 1974

Artificial Organs

Author Affiliations

Worcester, Mass


by Felix T. Rapaport, MD, and John P. Merrill, MD, 186 pp, $15, Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1972.

Arch Intern Med. 1974;134(4):785-786. doi:10.1001/archinte.1974.00320220187033

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This symposium, reprinted from the December 1971 issue of the Journal of Transplantation Proceedings, is a summary of the current state of the use of various life-support systems. The authors represent many of the chief investigators actively pursuing solutions to many of the problems inherent in the use of such systems.

The initial chapters deal with artificial kidneys, which have already shown great clinical applicability. There follows a series of reports dealing with extracorporeal membrane oxygenators as they might apply to the problems of acute, presumably reversible, and chronic respiratory insufficiency. It is pointed out that such support might someday be used to manage lung transplant rejection crises, just as kidney rejections are presently managed with an artificial kidney.

An excellent summary of experimental and clinical experiences with artificial hearts, intra-aortic balloon pumping, and the aortic patch mechanical auxiliary ventricle is afforded in the series of papers by DeBakey, Kolff,

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