Implications and course of fever were evaluated during hospitalization of 24 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. Forty-five febrile episodes were identified. Fever present at admission was usually associated with a diagnosable and treatable infection; fever shortly after induction was self-limited; and fever during granulocytopenia was more likely to be associated with bacteremia. Bacteremia and pneumonia were the most common types of infection. Only Gram-negative bacteria and Candida were identified as causes of infection during life, with Pseudomonas and Klebsiella the most frequently isolated pathogens. Invasive candidiasis was a major postmortem finding. A delay in initiation of empirical treatment beyond the third day of fever was associated with an increase in mortality as was continuation of treatment for longer than 14 days.
Goodall PT, Vosti KL. Fever in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia. Arch Intern Med. 1975;135(9):1197-1203. doi:10.1001/archinte.1975.00330090069007