August 1981

Peritoneal Fluid Eosinophilia in Patients Undergoing Maintenance Peritoneal Dialysis

Author Affiliations

Israel Zayas

From the Departments of Medicine (Drs Humayun, Ing, Daugirdas, Gandhi, and Popli) and Pathology (Mr Zayas), Veterans Administration Hospital, Hines, Ill; and the Department of Medicine, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill (Drs Robinson and Hano).

Arch Intern Med. 1981;141(9):1172-1173. doi:10.1001/archinte.1981.00340090068016

In ten patients undergoing maintenance peritoneal dialysis, large numbers of eosinophils were found in the peritoneal fluid. A few of the affected patients complained of episodic abdominal pains, but there was no correlation between abdominal symptoms and the number of peritoneal fluid eosinophils. Microorganisms failed to grow on cultures of the peritoneal fluids, and results of tests for endotoxin were negative. The cause of eosinophilia could not be determined. Peritoneal fluid eosinophil counts were noted to be elevated soon after catheter insertion and initiation of peritoneal dialysis. In some patients, peritoneal fluid eosinophil counts spontaneously returned to normal despite continued peritoneal dialysis.

(Arch Intern Med 1981;141:1172-1173)