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October 1983

Corynebacterium xerosis Endocarditis

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Internal Medicine (Drs Eliakim, Silkoff, and Lugassy) and Microbiology (Dr Michel), Hadassah University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem.

Arch Intern Med. 1983;143(10):1995. doi:10.1001/archinte.1983.00350100179034

• Bacterial endocarditis due to Corynebacterium xerosis developed in a previously healthy person. Diphtheroid infection is a rare cause of endocarditis and, when present, it usually affects immunocompromised hosts or prosthetic valves. There are few reports of diphtheroid endocarditis on intact valves, and, to our knowledge, this is the first case in which the offending organism was identified as C xerosis. We call attention to the virulence of C xerosis in a person with no previous valvular disease.

(Arch Intern Med 1983;143:1995)