January 1987

Lipid-Soluble and Water-Soluble ß-BlockersComparison of the Central Nervous System Depressant Effect

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Neuropharmacology, Dent Neurologic Institute (Drs Gengo and Huntoon), Department of Neurology (Drs Gengo, Huntoon, and McHugh), Millard Fillmore Hospital, Buffalo, and the School of Pharmacy and Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo (Dr Gengo).

Arch Intern Med. 1987;147(1):39-43. doi:10.1001/archinte.1987.00370010043011

• The sedative effects of a relatively lipid-soluble and a water-soluble β-blocker were compared in 20 male hypertensives, 30 to 60 years old. In a blinded, randomized, crossover study, critical flash fusion frequency and computerized Stroop Word Test were used to assess psychomotor function parameters during a drug-free control day and then following 14 days of either metoprolol, 150 mg daily, or atenolol, 100 mg daily, treatment. Both drugs caused subtle but significant reductions in both parameters of sedation (critical flash fusion frequency and computerized Stroop Word Testing). Sedation was significantly related to serum concentrations of both drugs. The maximum drug-induced change was 17.2%± 9% for metoprolol and 19.6%±3% for atenolol. The duration of effect was six hours after atenolol and two hours after metoprolol. Blood pressure control for all patients was similar during both treatment phases. These results demonstrate that relative lipid solubility does not reliably predict the neurologic effects of β-blockers. The intensity of drug-induced sedation was similar, but the water-soluble agent produced a longer duration of sedative activity.

(Arch Intern Med 1987;147:39-43)