February 1987

Diabetic Renal Hypouricemia

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Internal Medicine, Toride Kyodo Hospital, Ibaragi, Japan (Drs Shichiri and Iwamoto), and the Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (Dr Shiigai), Tokyo. Dr Shichiri is now with the Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University.

Arch Intern Med. 1987;147(2):225-228. doi:10.1001/archinte.1987.00370020045033

• In diabetes, the serum uric acid level is low due to increased urate clearance; however, its mechanism remains unknown. We examined seven maturity-onset diabetic patients with rarely reported hypouricemia due to renal tubular abnormality to better understand the renal handling of urate by the diabetic kidney. The results of studies indicate that the increase in urate clearance was entirely accounted for by increased pyrazinamide-suppressible urate clearance. The maximal uricosuric response to probenecid administration was exaggerated. The effects of drugs on urate clearance were similar to those we have previously reported in the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. In four patients, the family survey did not reveal anyone with hypouricemia. These observations suggest that hypouricemia due to hyperuricosuria, which responds markedly to pyrazinamide and probenecid, is actually an indicator of renal tubular abnormality in diabetics.

(Arch Intern Med 1987;147:225-228)