• An evaluation of the Garren-Edwards gastric bubble in the treatment of obesity was done. Several clinical trials have compared the effects of behavior therapy with and without the bubble, but the effects of the bubble alone have not been previously evaluated. Ten obese women averaging 91% overweight received the bubble without adjunctive therapy during a 12-week treatment period. Frequent psychological and laboratory measures as well as weight were obtained during the study to explore the possible mechanisms of the bubble's effect and its side effects. Mean weight change was −2.5 kg, with a range of −8.8 to +1.6 kg. Four patients lost more than 3.5 kg, three lost less than 3.5 kg, and three gained weight. The Garren-Edwards gastric bubble alone does not appear to provide significant benefit to most obese patients.
(Arch Intern Med 1989;149:411-413)
Kramer FM, Stunkard AJ, Spiegel TA, Deren JJ, Velchik MG, Wadden TA, Marshall KA. Limited Weight Losses With a Gastric Balloon. Arch Intern Med. 1989;149(2):411–413. doi:10.1001/archinte.1989.00390020113024