Acute myocardial infarction in younger patients is uncommon, occurring mainly in men. The recent introduction of thrombolysis improved survival, left ventricular function, and infarct size.
To evaluate characteristics and clinical outcome of the patients younger than 50 years randomized in the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico study. All patients received a thrombolytic treatment.
The 11 483 patients were divided into 3 age subgroups: younger than 50 years (17.2%), between 50 and 70 years (60.2%), and older than 70 years (22.6%). All relations between variables were first determined by an unadjusted analysis. An adjusted analysis was performed by multiple logistic regression models for inhospital and 6-month mortality.
While older patients had a significantly higher rate of a history of hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, and hypertension, smoking and a positive family history were significantly more frequent in younger patients. Total inhospital and 6-month mortality were significantly lower in patients younger than 50 years (2.7% and 1.2%, respectively) than in patients between 50 and 70 years old (6.9% and 2.7%) and those older than 70 years (21.1% and 8.4%). After multivariate analysis, the predictive value of age was confirmed.
Our findings, based on a large group of patients who received thrombolytic treatment, suggest that younger age is a significant independent indicator of a favorable prognosis after acute myocardial infarction.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:865-869
Moccetti T, Malacrida R, Pasotti E, Sessa F, Genoni M, Barlera S, Turazza F, Maggioni AP. Epidemiologic Variables and Outcome of 1972 Young Patients With Acute Myocardial InfarctionData From the GISSI-2 Database. Arch Intern Med. 1997;157(8):865-869. doi:10.1001/archinte.1997.00440290049005